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Uganda Animals In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

The abundance of Uganda animals in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park makes it a stronghold/top hot spot for impressive biodiversity in Uganda.

The various ecosystems of this ancient forest are a rare refuge to a staggering 120 mammal species, 45 of these being small mammals.  Thus, making it one of the prime destinations for value-for-money Uganda safaris.

It was for this very reason that it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1994.

Clearly, the enchanting Mountain Gorillas are the most popular of all the Uganda animals in Bwindi impenetrable forest.

These gentle giants number up to at least 459, almost half of the world’s Mountain Gorilla population.   And, during your Uganda Gorilla trekking in Bwindi, you will encounter them in the 4 gorilla trekking sectors; Buhoma, Ruhija, Rushaga, and Nkuringo.

Not only is Bwindi national park a Uganda Gorilla paradise, but also home to a total of 10 primate species.

These include man’s closest cousins, the Uganda Chimpanzees, the adorable Black and White Colobus monkeys, rare L’Hoest Monkeys, and Olive Baboons among others.

The rest of these animals in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park are categorized into, herbivores, carnivores, amphibians, and reptiles.

Notable among these categories are the elusive Forest Elephants, Duikers, Giant Forest Hogs, Golden Cats, Frogs, and different Snakes.

The Uganda wildlife in Bwindi is unique. This essential forest is noteworthy for its endemic animals. For example 11 of the 27 amphibian species, and 9 of the 14 snake species are endemic to the Albertine Rift.

Additionally, this park is a perfect habitat critical for the survival of threatened or endangered Uganda animal species.  For instance, Mountain Gorillas, Eastern Chimpanzees, Rahm’s Brush-Furred Rats, Uganda Shrew, Western Rift Leaf-Folding Frog, and Ahl’s Reed Frog among others.

During your Gorilla trekking in Bwindi, you can spot these remarkable animals of Uganda along the various nature walks across the park.

Please note that spotting some of the Uganda animals in the Bwindi forest, especially the small mammals isn’t always guaranteed.

This is simply because this park lives up to its name of being the “impenetrable forest”.   Consequently, some animals hide under this thickness.

Essentially, from the gigantic Mountain Gorillas that prowl this forest to tiny creatures that flit through the night sky, Bwindi Uganda is undeniably endowed!

Tabled Below Are The Various Categories Of Uganda Animals In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

A.   Primates B.   Herbivores C.   Carnivores D.   Amphibians E.   Reptiles
1. Mountain Gorillas

2. Chimpanzees

3. L’Hoest Monkeys

4. Black And White Colobus Monkeys

5. Red-Tailed Monkeys

6. Olive Baboons

7. Blue Monkeys

8.  Vervet Monkeys

9. Pottos

10. Demidoff’s Galago

11. African Forest Elephants

12. Sitatungas

13. Bush Buck

14. Giant Forest Hogs

15. Common Warthogs

16. Bushpigs

17. Black Fronted Duikers

18. Weyns’s Duikers

19. Squirrels

20. Side Stripped Jackal

21. African Golden Cats

22. African Civets

23. Honey Badgers

24. African Clawless Otter

25. Frogs

26. Toads

27. Salamanders

28.  Lizards

29. Snakes;

30. Skinks

31. Chameleons

32. Geckos

Here Are The Details About The Above Categories Of Uganda Animals To Expect On Your Uganda Tour In Bwindi

A. Primate Animals In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Bwindi guarantees you a more profound encounter with African primates than in any other African destination.  Particularly, this park boasts an incredible 10 primate animal species of Uganda.

As can be expected, the endangered Mountain Gorillas and the Uganda Chimpanzees are the biggest draw cards.

The other primate species include Black and White Colobus Monkeys, Red tailed monkeys, L’Hoest Monkeys, Blue Monkeys, Vervet Monkeys, and Olive Baboons.  On the whole, these primates are scattered across this Impenetrable forest.

However, of all these Uganda primates, only Mountain Gorillas are habituated. This simply implies that seeing them is guaranteed.

The rest are not habituated. Nevertheless, you can spot them during Gorilla trekking safaris in Bwindi impenetrable forest if you are lucky.

However, you can see these other Uganda apes in Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, Kibale National Park, Queen Elizabeth National Park, Kalinzu Forest and Budongo Forest.

Here’s A List of the African Primates Awaiting You on Your Uganda Gorilla Safaris in Bwindi

  • Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla Beringei Beringei)
  • Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes Schweinfurthii)
  • L’ Hoest Monkeys (Cercopithecus Lhoesti)
  • Black And White Colobus Monkeys (Colobus Guereza)
  • Red-Tailed Monkeys (Cercopithecus Ascanius)
  • Olive Baboons (Papio Anubis)
  • Blue Monkeys (Cercopithecus Mitis)
  • Vervet Monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerythrus)
  • Pottos (Perodicticus Potto)
  • Demidoff’s Galago (Galagoides Demidoff)

For those planning a Uganda Gorilla tour in Bwindi, let’s examine these primates in detail.

  1. Mountain Gorillas (Gorilla Beringei Beringei)

The endangered Mountain Gorillas of Uganda and the Virunga ranges are the largest of the great apes. These giants are a subspecies of the Eastern Gorilla.

Mountain Gorillas in Bwindi national park are its most famous residents. In fact, they account for 99% of the visitors to the park.

Gorillas in Uganda’s Bwindi are without a doubt the most sought-after primates in Africa.

Bwindi is home to at least 459 Mountain Gorillas, almost half of the entire Mountain Gorilla population.

This Bwindi population is divided into 50 Gorilla families and 13 lone individuals. 20 of them are habituated, making for mind-blowing Uganda Gorilla trekking experiences.

  • Physical Description

These powerful primates of Uganda have thick, sturdy chests, prominent abdomens, dark skin, and hair. The face has enormous nostrils, tiny ears, and prying brow ridges.

Furthermore, adults have protracted muscular arms that are 15-20% more extended than their stout legs.

  • Social Structure And Behaviour

Bwindi Gorillas are territorial animals that live in communities of up to 30 individuals. 

Their social life overwhelmingly revolves around the dominant adult male, called the Silverback Gorillas.

A Silverback Gorilla bears the responsibility of ensuring the security of the group. He wields all the decision-making authority.

Otherwise, Mountain Gorillas are generally peaceful animals despite their incredible strength.

  • Feeding And Diet

Mountain Gorillas of Uganda have outstanding appetites. An adult female can comfortably destroy 18kg of food each day while a male can devour almost 30 kg of food a day!

Well, Mountain Gorillas are generally herbivores.

  • Troops find plentiful food for their vegetarian diet in the abundant forests.
  • Bwindi Gorillas majorly eat bamboo shoots, roots, fruit, wild celery, tree bark, and pulp.
  • About 2% of their diet consists of insects and other invertebrates, with ants being their most favored source of protein.

Mountain Gorillas are a polygamous specie. And, almost similar to humans, female Gorillas give birth to one Silverback Gorilla baby after a pregnancy of nearly nine months. Gorillas are fertile for one or two days a month.  This explains the limited numbers.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

You can see these magnificent giants in the 4 Uganda Gorilla trekking sectors of Buhoma, Rushaga, Nkuringo, and Ruhija.

Gorillas of Uganda and several other Uganda wildlife in Bwindi is endangered, and the 2022 theme of World Wildlife Day aimed at how the world can protect these key species.

World Wildlife Day; 3 March 

The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) proclaimed 3 March as the UN World Wildlife Day on 20 December 2013, at its 68th session to celebrate and raise awareness of the world’s wild animals and plants.

World Wildlife Day has unquestionably become the most significant global annual event dedicated to wildlife!

The sustained loss of species, habitats, and ecosystems also threatens all life on Earth, including us. People all over the world rely on wildlife and biodiversity-based resources to meet all our needs, from food to fuel, medicines, housing, and clothing.

Additionally, millions of people also depend on nature for their livelihoods and economic survival.

The 2022 World Wildlife Day theme was; “Recovering key species for ecosystem restoration”

 The debate has been driven toward the key need to reverse the fate of the most critically endangered species by supporting the restoration of their habitats and ecosystems.  And it also aimed at promoting their sustainable use by humanity.

The endangered Uganda animals in Bwindi Impenetrable National park are a key part of this conservation effort.      Most notable among them are the majestic Mountain Gorillas and the Uganda Chimpanzees.

 You can be part of this amazing World Wildlife Day by going for Bwindi Gorilla trekking.   Join the millions of people worldwide taking action to protect our beautiful animals of Uganda and the world over!

  1. Chimpanzees (Pan Troglodytes Schweinfurthii)

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park is home to the Common Chimpanzee species (Pan Troglodytes schweinfurthii).  And, Chimpanzees in Bwindi make up over 400 individuals out of the over 5000 Chimpanzees in Uganda.

This makes Bwindi Impenetrable National Park the lone place where you can spot Mountain Gorillas and Chimpanzees on your tour to Uganda.

These knucklewalkers are one of man’s closest relatives with about 98.7% of genetic similarity.

Uganda Chimpanzees in Bwindi forest are overshadowed by the giant Mountain Gorillas- the park’s biggest draw card.

On your Uganda Gorilla tour in Bwindi, seeing Chimps is not a guarantee. Uganda Chimpanzees in this park are not habituated. They are shy and take off once they notice people approaching.

However, on your lucky day, you can see them in the Buhoma area in the north. This is because it’s the lowest point of Bwindi.

  • Physical Description

Uganda Chimps in Bwindi have arms that extend beyond the knees, opposable thumbs, and a prominent mouth.

These captivating creatures have bare skin on the face, ears, palms, and soles of the feet.

And generally, the rest of the body is covered with brown to black hair

  • Social Structure And Behaviour

Chimpanzees stay in male-dominated fission-fusion groups of about 15 to 150 individuals.

  • Feeding And Diet

Chimps are omnivores.  They eat both plants and animals.

The Chimpanzee diet in the wild primarily comprises fruits, leaves, and other plant parts.  

In most cases honey, insects (especially termites), and occasionally eggs and meat are supplements.

  • Reproduction

You may be wondering how often do Chimpanzees reproduce. Female Chimpanzees can breed at any time of year.

The gestation period of Chimps is 8 months. Overall, mothers wean at around 3 years but they remain very close.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

You can see Uganda Chimpanzees in the Buhoma area in the north and the Nkuringo sector in the south.

PLEASE NOTE; seeing them is not guaranteed since they are not habituated.

  1. L’ Hoest Monkeys (Cercopithecus lhoesti)

They are also named Mountain Monkeys because they prefer to stay in mountainous areas.  The rare L’Hoest Monkey is a Guenon usually seen in the upper section of the Eastern Congo basin.

This species can live in any type of forested area. For example the mature lowland, the savanna woodland along mountain slopes, the rain forests, and also along the forest borders.

It’s one of the best African primates to enjoy on your Uganda Bwindi Gorilla trekking.

  • Physical Description

The L’Hoest Monkey is identical to the Hamlyn’s monkey.

L’Hoest Monkeys have black fur and a reddish-brown, saddle-shaped pattern on their back, surrounded by a grey border.

The face of these Guenons is dark and is surrounded by their white cheeks and throat. The characteristic of these monkeys is their long, white tail which ends in a black tip.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

They live in very small groups with the majority of the members being females and only one alpha male.

True to primate fashion, the L’Hoest Monkeys are very active during most hours of the day.  And, they retire late in the afternoon to go back to the tree branches to take naps.

  • Feeding And Diet

L’Hoest Monkeys are herbivores.

They majorly feed on the leaves, roots, mushrooms, and herbs as well as small birds, tiny reptiles, and eggs, among others.

  • Reproduction

L’Hoest Monkeys do have a particular period in which they breed dependent on the area where they are living. Also, After conception, it takes them five months to give birth to just one baby and usually, it is during the night.

  • Distribution In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

These monkeys are rare. However, if you are lucky, you can spot them during nature walks in Buhoma during a Uganda Gorilla tour.

  1. Black And White Colobus Monkeys (Colobus Guereza)

Black-and-white colobus Monkeys in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, also known as colobi are Old World monkeys of the genus Colobus, indigenous to Africa.

These adorable colobi are closely related to the red colobus monkeys of the genus Piliocolobus.     Undoubtedly, they are one of the most gorgeous Uganda animals in Bwindi to enjoy during your Gorilla trekking in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.

  • Physical Description

The Black and White Colobus has black glossy fur with a U-shaped mantle of long white fur that descends from its shoulders and around its back.

  • Social Structure And Behaviour

These arboreal monkeys live in diverse social groups that vary from one group to the other.

Resident-egalitarian and allomothering relationships have been seen among the female population.

Black And White Colobus Monkeys spend their days eating, relaxing, and socializing with each other, largely without fighting.

 Males protect their group and its territory from others with roars, tongue-clicks, chases, and an unusual stiff-legged show.

  • Feeding And Diet

Unlike other primates, Black And White Colobus Monkeys’ have cow-like stomachs which allow them to subsist on a leafy diet.

Tender, high-protein leaves from forest trees are their favorite food. Further more, they also feed on unripe fruit, seeds, flowers, and bark.

  • Reproduction

A female Black and White Colobus Monkey will give birth about every 20 months.

The gestation period of a Black and White Colobus Monkey is approximately 6 months.

The baby Colobus Monkey has a pink face and is covered with white fur.

At about 1 month, its color begins to change, gaining the black-and-white adult coloration at about 3 months.

  • Distribution In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

As you undertake an exciting Gorilla safari in Uganda Bwindi, you can see these adorable monkeys during nature walks in the Buhoma sector.

  1. Red-Tailed Monkeys (Cercopithecus Ascanius)

Red-tailed Monkeys have several names: Schmidt’s Guenon, Schmidt’s Red-Tailed Monkey, Black-Cheeked White-Nosed Monkey, and Red-Tailed Guenon.

They are one of the fascinating Uganda animals in Bwindi impenetrable forest if you are lucky to spot them on your Uganda Gorilla tour.

  • Physical Description

It is a small Guenon with a white or yellow nose, white cheeks, and a long tail.

The fur of these monkeys is brown, black, and gray, and the underside of their tail is red, giving them their name.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

These monkeys live in male-dominated multi-female groups of about 10-30 individuals.

Red-Tailed Monkeys are energetic and lively spending most of their time high in trees.  In particular, family members greet each other by stroking muzzles up against one another.

  • Feeding and Diet

Red-Tailed Monkeys are herbivores. In the same way, these species are predominantly fruit eaters.    They can also eat leaves, flowers, insects, and gum or sap from trees.

Foraging takes place to fill the cheek pouches that hold as much as the stomach. But these monkeys delay eating for safe, quiet secluded locations up in the trees without interruptions.

  • Reproduction

Schmidt’s Red-Tailed Monkeys breed throughout the whole year. Then, the gestation for these monkeys is five to six months, and they tend to give birth to one baby.

As with other Guenon Species, females are the primary caregivers, though other females in the group also assist.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

You can see this beautiful monkey on the 6km Muzubijiro loop trail during Uganda Gorilla trekking in Uganda in the Buhoma sector.

  1. Olive Baboons (Papio Anubis)

The Olive Baboon is an African primate, a member of the Old World Monkey family. It lives in 26 African countries and is the widest-ranging of the continent’s five Baboon species.

This Baboon derives its name from the slight olive-green tinge to its fur when it’s viewed from a distance.

The species is also called the ‘Anubis baboon’ due to the resemblance of its dog-like face to the head of the Egyptian jackal god Anubis.

These Baboons are one of the most intriguing Uganda animals in Bwindi if you are lucky to see them.

  • Physical Description

Olive Baboons are large heavily built animals with sturdy limbs and a greenish-grey coat covering their bodies. The individual hairs are green-grey with rings of black and yellowish-brown, giving the coat a multi-color appearance from up close.

Quite remarkably, babies are born with a black natal coat that changes to adult coloration as they age.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

Olive Baboons are diurnal and very cordial creatures

They live in troops, ranging in size from 12 to 130 individuals. And, within each group, males and females have social scales.

Females inherit their dominance. The youngest daughter takes on the rank below her mother and above her older sisters.

On the other hand, males, however, must use aggression to gain influence within the group.

  • Feeding And Diet

They are omnivorous. Although plants account for the bulk of their food choices.  They get their protein from eating small prey, including hares, mice, and small antelopes such as Thomson’s Gazelles.

Moreover, their diet is based on where they live, the season, and the time of day.

  • Reproduction

Female Olive Baboons are involved in consort ships with an average of three to four males and ranging up to nine different males throughout fertility.

There isn’t seasonality in Baboon reproduction.  Females simply cycle and give birth throughout the year.  Also, the gestation of these Baboons lasts about 180 days.

  • Distribution In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

On your Uganda safari in Bwindi, you can spot this Baboon in Buhoma if lucky.

  1. Blue Monkeys (Cercopithecus Mitis)

The Blue Monkey also called the diademed monkey is a species of Old World monkey native to Central and East Africa.  This monkey is of great interest to scientists.

Despite what the common name depicts, the Blue Monkey is not blue.  In fact, it’s called blue due to the hairless face, which seems to be colored blue.

  • Physical Description

The Blue monkey has a dark head top. The coloration of the body is majorly olive or grey.    Additionally, this species exhibits some black-and-white markings all over its body.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

Blue monkeys are diurnal and highly social creatures, forming groups of 10 – 40 individuals. And, their societies are female-dominated, consisting of a single male and multiple females with their young.

Blue Monkeys are arboreal animals, and group members spend a lot of their active time playing and grooming. Generally, these monkeys are highly territorial.

  • Feeding And Diet

Blue Monkeys are frugivorous and folivorous animals.

They generally feed upon fruits and leaves, supplementing this diet with invertebrates such as slow-moving slugs and worms.

  • Reproduction

Blue Monkeys breed year-round, and females yield offspring every two years. Plus, a single infant is born after a gestation of 5 months. Babies are usually born within intervals of a few days.

Plus, they are generally polygynous, which means that one male mates with numerous females.

However, this species also shows polygynandrous (promiscuous) mating system, where individuals of both sexes have multiple mates.

  • Distribution In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

As you undertake your nature walk in Buhoma, you may spot this Blue Monkey.

  1. Vervet Monkeys (Chlorocebus pygerythrus)

The Vervet Monkey is a small, black-faced monkey, common in East Africa.

  • Physical Description

Generally, the body of a Vervet Monkey is greenish-olive or silvery-gray. Also, the face, ears, hands, feet, and the tip of the tail are black.  And, a conspicuous white band on the forehead blends in with the short whiskers.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

Their society is built on complex but stable social groups (called troops) of 10- 50 individuals. On the whole, it is mainly adult females and their offspring.

There is a strict social hierarchy among troop members.  Besides, this system controls feeding, mating, fighting, friendships, survival, and even grooming.

Adult Vervets cherish infants in their society and every member grooms or holds them.

  • Feeding And Diet

Vervet Monkeys are mostly vegetarians.

They prefer leaves and young shoots.  But, they also consume bark, flowers, fruit, bulbs, roots, and grass seeds.

Besides, they supplement with insects, grubs, eggs, baby birds, and sometimes rodents and hares.   Quite interestingly, these monkeys rarely drink water.

  • Reproduction

Female Vervet Monkeys are sexually mature at 4 years and give birth for the first time around the age of 5.

However, in captivity, they mature more quickly and can give birth as young as two years of age.   Females don’t show external signs of ovulation. And, their reproductive cycle is about 32.5 days.

  • Distribution In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

You can spot these unique Vervets in Buhoma along nature walks.

  1. Pottos (Perodicticus Potto)

The Potto is also known as the Bush Bear, Tree Bear, Or Softly-Softly, slow-moving tropical African primate.

It is a nocturnal tree dweller that lives in rainforests from Sierra Leone eastward to Uganda. Therefore, visitors undertaking Uganda gorilla trekking in Bwindi rarely see it.    However, you may be among the lucky ones to spot this little animal of Uganda

  • Physical Description

These primates have long, slender bodies which measure in size from 30-39 cm. Their tails measure about 3.7-10 cm.

They have long and extendable limbs which enable them to cling to branches and trees and are nearly the same length as their body.

Pottos have close grey-brown, woolly fur. Their index finger is vestigial, although it has opposable thumbs with which it grasps branches firmly.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

Pottos are nocturnal and arboreal animals that sleep during the day in the leaves and rarely descend from the trees.

Interestingly, these Uganda apes have large territories which they mark with urine and glandular secretions.

Pottos can also deliver a powerful bite and their saliva contains compounds that cause the wound to become inflamed.

  • Feeding And Diet

Pottos are herbivorous (frugivorous) animals and feed majorly on fruits.

These animals also eat tree gums and insects.  Pottos have also occasionally been observed catching bats and small birds.

The insects they may eat tend to have a strong smell. Actually, other animals can’t eat insects that Pottos eat.

  • Reproduction

There is little data about the reproduction of Pottos.

There are suggestions that these animals may be polygynous or polygynandrous (promiscuous).

Breeding takes place year-round and varies regionally.

The female gives birth, typically to a single young, occasionally twins, after a gestation period of about 193-205 days,

  • Distribution In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

If lucky, you can spot this little primate in Buhoma during night nature walks on your Uganda safari in Bwindi.

  1. Demidoff’s Galago

Galago Demidoff, commonly called Demidoff’s Bushbaby is the smallest primate in Africa.

  • Physical Description

The head and body length of Demidoff’s Bushbaby is between 105 and 123 mm, and the tail is 150 to 205 mm long.

The color of the dorsal fur changes from bright gingery to gray-brown, while the fur on the ventrum is a paler tan.

Its ears are relatively short, un-furred, and mobile, and the nose is pointed and upturned.  Demidoff’s Galagos have a distinct white stripe running between the eyes, and down the nose.

  • Social Behavior

Demidoff’s Bush Babies are crepuscular/nocturnal and mostly solitary animals

  • Reproduction

Demidoff’s Galagos are mainly polygynous. Their mating system is how flexible, and depends upon the home range of the individual animal.

Breeding takes place once per year after a gestation period of 113 days.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

As you undertake a memorable Uganda Gorilla trip in Bwindi, you can catch this Bushbaby in Buhoma during night nature walks if lucky.

B. Herbivorous Animals In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Herbivores are animals anatomically and physiologically adapted to eating plant material.  For instance foliage or marine algae, for the major component of its diet.

As a result of their plant diet, these animals typically have mouthparts adapted to rasping or grinding.

 The Following Are The Herbivorous Uganda Animals In Bwindi That You may Spot If Lucky During Your Uganda Gorilla safari.

  • African Forest Elephants (Loxodonta Cyclotis)
  • Sitatunga (Tragelaphus Spekii)
  • Bush Buck (Tragelaphus Sylvaticus)
  • Giant Forest Hogs (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni)
  • Common Warthogs (Phacochoerus Africanus)
  • Bushpigs (Potamochoerus Larvatus)
  • Black Fronted Duikers (Cephalophus Nigrifons)
  • Weyns’s Duikers (Cephalophus Weynsi)
  • Squirrels (Sciuridae)

Here are The Details About These Herbivores For Those Planning A Tour to Uganda Bwindi

  1. African Forest Elephants(Loxodonta Cyclotis)

This is one of the most loved animals of Uganda!   You would be thrilled to see it if you are lucky on the day of your Uganda Gorilla trip in Bwindi forest.   You can also a number of Elephants in other Uganda savanna parks such as Queen Elizabeth National Park and Murchison Falls National Park.

The Forest Elephant has always been considered a subspecies of the African elephant.  Nonetheless, many scientists now regard it to be its own species, separate from the African Savanna or Bush Elephant. As their name hints, these Elephants live in Africa’s forests.

Forest Elephants are evasive and there is little scientific data about their ranges, movements, and habitat requirements. 

While they once inhabited a bigger range, they now are limited to the tropical forests of equatorial west and central Africa

  • Physical Description

They are smaller than the famous Savanna Elephant and have tusks that are straight and point downward, contrary to the Savanna Elephants’ curved tusks.

They have oval ears whereas the Savanna Elephant’s ears are more pointed.

This species of the African Elephant also has five toenails on each forefoot and four on its hind feet identical to the Asian Elephant.

There are also variations in the size and shape of the skull and skeleton

  • Social Structure And Behavior

African Forest Elephants travel in smaller groups compared to other Elephant species. A typical group size consists of 2 to 8 individuals.

The average family unit is 3 – 5 individuals, commonly made up of female relatives.

A mother and several of her offspring, or several females and their offspring tend to dominate family groups.

Female offspring are philopatric, while male offspring disperse at maturity.

Male African Forest Elephants are usually solitary. They only associate with other elephants during the mating season.

 Male African Forest Elephants have a dominance hierarchy based on size.

  • Feeding And Diet

They are herbivores, feeding on a diet full of leaves, high amounts of fruit, and tree bark.

They also visit salt, or mineral, lick and even consume soil, which provides them with important minerals missing from their diets.

Since fruit dominates the diet of these Elephants, they play a significant role in dispersing many tree species.  Particularly the seeds of large trees which tend to have high carbon content.

They are therefore known as the ‘mega-gardener of the forest’.

  • Reproduction

Forest Elephants have the slowest reproductive rate of the three elephant species.

And, the age of sexual maturity of the Forest Elephant is not until 23 and the average gestation period is about two years.

In this case, a slump in their population caused by poaching, Bush Meat Trade, logging operations, and natural resource extraction is more destructive

If poaching stopped today, scientists say it would take 81 years to overturn the 62 % decline experienced in the last decade!

These Elephants are polygynous. Males compete for estrus females, and older, larger, more dominant males generally mate with more females.

Notably, males go through “musth,” a hormonal state marked by increased aggression.

  • Distribution In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

If lucky, you can see these Elephants in the Ruhija sector.

  1. Sitatunga (Tragelaphus Spekii)

The Sitatunga also called the Marshbuck is a rare swamp-dwelling antelope native to Africa.  They are truly among the most beautiful animals of Uganda

Of the interesting features of the Sitatunga is its splayed feet. They make it an accomplished swimmer.

These antelopes spend the hottest parts of the day resting in the shade of reeds on platforms of dried plants, which they build themselves by circling and trampling on vegetation.

  • Physical Description

The Sitatunga has a slightly hunched appearance, with hind legs growing longer than forequarters.

It is a medium-sized antelope with a rufous red coating comprised of white stripes. Their thin hair produces an oily, water-repellent secretion. They are also sexually dimorphic in a way that males are larger than females.

Furthermore, these animals are different in their long and open hooves.

  • Social Structure and Behavior

They are semi-social animals and they live in swamps. They spend their time alone or in groups of two to three.  The Sitatunga often grazes on their own.

However, they may also group in male/female pairs, bachelor groups of three or four, or family groups of five to 15 (comprising one bull, multiple ewes, and juveniles).

  • Feeding And Diet

This animal is a herbivore that browses and feeds on grasses, herbs, sedges, and shrubs.

  • Reproduction

Sitatungas breed any time of the year and males are polygynous.

Their gestation period goes for about 247 days after which the female gives birth to only 1 offspring.

Their lifespan is about 20-23 years.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Sitatungas are swamp dwellers, therefore, lucky visitors on Uganda safaris in Bwindi may spot them near the Mubwindi swamp in Ruhija.

  1. Bush Buck (Tragelaphus sylvaticus)

Bush Bucks are the other animals of Uganda that you may see during your Uganda gorilla safari in Bwindi.

These animals are a type of antelopes that is widely spread in the Sub-Saharan African regions.

They are antelopes with geometrically shaped white patches or spots on the most mobile parts of their body; the ears, chin, tail, legs, and neck.

  • Physical Description

Bush Bucks are between 45 to 80 kilograms heavy. And, they have light brown coats, with white muzzle stripes and spots.

  • Social Structure and Behavior

Bush Bucks are normally solitary and territorial, especially on feeding grounds.

They are active during the day, but nocturnal where there is active human activity.

If a Bushbuck senses danger, it will lie flat on the ground, or may run away producing a series of hoarse barks.

  • Feeding And Diet

These animals are territorial browsing herbivores that feed on leaves, shrubs, and seldom on grasses.

  • Reproduction

Their gestation period is about 180 days and they produce only one calf.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Visitors can see them on nature walks in Buhoma.

  1. Giant Forest Hogs (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni)

Giant Forest Hogs are one of the most attention-grabbing Uganda animals in Bwindi.  The Giant Forest Hog is the only member of its genus and is native to wooded habitats in Africa.

And it is generally regarded as the largest wild member of the pig family, Suidae.

  • Physical Description

It is a bristly black animal with prominent cheeks and sharp tusks.

These Hogs weigh about 100 to 275 kg.

Forest Hogs have a deep orange color, large pointed ears, and male tusks of about 35.9 centimeters.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

They live in family groups of 6-14 animals, usually with at least one adult male, several adult females, and offspring.

Forest Hogs are nocturnal but can be active during the day in the cold season and the places without active human activity.

They live in communities called Sounders that consist of Boars, Sows, and Piglets.

Every member of the Soar is responsible for protecting the Piglets.

  • Feeding And Diet

Forest Hogs are mainly herbivores that feed on plants, but they also scavenge. Furthermore, these Hogs tend not to root up the soil when feeding.

  • Reproduction

Their gestation period is about 151 days. And the hog gives birth to a litter of about 10 piglets. Mothers wean the piglets in 9 weeks.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Forest Hogs roam about the impenetrable forest though it’s rare to see them.

  1. Common Warthogs (Phacochoerus Africanus)

Common Warthogs are wild members of the pig family found in grassland, savanna, and woodland in sub-Saharan Africa.

  • Physical Description

Warthogs are pig-like animals with a variation of light grey to brown color.

They are medium-sized African ungulates with a little black and brown hair and their large heads have manes that run to the middle of their back.

  • Social structure and Behavior

Common Warthogs are social and they live in clusters called Sounders.

However, they mark feeding and drinking territories.

  • Feeding And Diet

These Warthogs are omnivorous. They feed on grass, roots, fruits, tree bark, insects, eggs, and carrion.

Mainly, they feed by digging and snooting while their front feet bend backward.

Warthogs are greedy hunters, using their very powerful neck muscles to drive their snouts into soils to uncover anything edible.

They have an excellent sense of smell which helps their foraging efforts to places most likely to have tubers, roots, or small animals directly under the surface of the soil.

  • Reproduction

Boars and sows breed in the late rainy season or early dry season.

The gestation period of the Common Warthog is about five to six months.

The sow gives birth to a litter of about two to eight piglets, and mothers wean them by six months.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

You can spot these animals during nature walks across the park

  1. Bushpigs (Potamochoerus Larvatus)

 Bushpigs are members of the pig family that lives in forests, woodland, riverine vegetation, and cultivated areas in East and Southern Africa.

  • Physical Description

Bush Pigs are mammals that look like domestic pigs. They have a dark reddish color that is almost black and tuft pointed ears and a face mask.

Male Bush Pigs are generally larger than females.

Piglets however have pale yellowish stripes on their dark brown skin which turns dark reddish as they grow.

  • Social Structure and Behavior

Bushpigs are social mammals who live in sounders of about 12 animals.

It comprises Boars, Sows, Juveniles, and Piglets. Members may fight for food but come together to fight intruders.

They grant and snort while feeding or when alarmed.

Bushpigs live in dense woods because they are nocturnal, but they do not hide in holes of aardvarks.

Bushpigs can be very dangerous, as they use their sharp tusks when threatened.

  • Feeding And Diet

These mammals are omnivorous and they feed on crops, roots, juicy plants, insects small reptiles, eggs, nestlings, nestlings, and carrion. In addition, they also stalk and eat young antelopes.

  • Reproduction

Their gestation period is about eight to ten months and the females produce 3 to 4 piglets. And, mothers send away young ones at six months.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Bushpigs love forests, woodlands, and riverine vegetation.

  1. Black Fronted Duikers (Cephalophus Nigrifons)

This is a small antelope weighing 14-18kg, a browser in nature found in Central and West-central Africa.

  • Physical Description

The Black Fronted Duiker is a compact, short-necked, and active antelope.

It derives its name from the broad black streak that runs from the nose to its forehead.  And this feature distinguishes it from its congeners.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

This Duiker is territorial and monogamous.  Each pair owns a territory that it defends against neighbors and is marked using the secretions of the facial glands.

Pairs have habitual paths within their territory that connect sleeping sites with feeding areas and allow them to be active during both day and night.

It is primarily diurnal and is often seen foraging in open marshy meadows around dawn and dusk.

  • Feeding And Diet

These Duikers feed on fruits and seeds, foliage, mosses, lichens, fungi, and invertebrates.

  • Reproduction

The reproduction of the Black-Fronted Duiker is viviparous.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

You can spot this beautiful Duiker during nature walks along trails in Buhoma.

  1. Weyns’s Duikers (Cephalophus Weynsi)

Weyns’s Duiker is a little antelope found in Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and western Kenya. It is at times spelled “Weyn’s “or, “Weyns” Duiker.

  • Physical Description

Weyns’s Duikers on average weigh about 33 lb when fully grown, with a shoulder height of about 17 in. They have plain rufous coats.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

Weyns Duikers live in solitary or small groups of up to 5 animals.

They are primarily diurnal and appear to be more social than other Duikers, often living in small family parties of two to five individuals.

  • Feeding And Diet

This species is a selective feeder, varying its diet with the available fruiting species. In South Sudan, the Weyns Duiker has been observed browsing on conifer seedlings in a plantation setting.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

You can see this Duiker on nature walks in the Buhoma sector.

  1. Squirrels (Sciuridae)

Furthermore, Squirrels are the other exciting Uganda animals in Bwindi Impenetrable national park.  It is home to the following Squirrels;

  1. Carruthers’s Mountain Squirrel
  2. Boehm’s Buss Squirrel
  3. Rwenzori Sun Squirrel
  4. Red-Legged Sun Squirrel

C. Carnivores In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

On the list of animals of Uganda, you can also anticipate seeing during your Bwindi Gorilla trekking are the interesting carnivores.

Carnivores, or meat-eaters, are animals whose food and energy requirements come from animal tissues whether through hunting or scavenging.

Listed Below Are Carnivorous Uganda Animals In Bwindi National Park That You Can Spot On Your Uganda Gorilla Trekking

  • Side Stripped Jackal (Lupulella Adusta)
  • African Golden Cats (Caracal Aurata)
  • African Civets (Civettictis Civetta)
  • Honey Badgers (Mellivora Capensis)
  • African Clawless Otter (Aonyx Capensis)
  1. Side Stripped Jackal (Lupulella Adusta)

The Side Stripped Jackals are the other remarkable Uganda animals in Bwindi.  They are nocturnal dog-like carnivores.

  • Physical Description

The Side-Striped Jackal is a mid-sized carnivore of about 6.5 to 14 kg.

It has buff-grey fur with a darker grey back than the underside.

They also have long, curved canines that favor their omnivore diet.

  • Feeding and Diet

The Side-Striped Jackal is an omnivore but less of a carnivore than it is a herbivore.

Its diet mostly consists of invertebrates, small mammals, and fruits.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

The Side-Striped Jackal lives both alone and in family communities of around 7 members.

Breeding pairs stay monogamous for many years, and they dominate the family group.

  • Reproduction

The gestation period of the Side-Striped Jackal is about 57 to 70 days.  And, this animal gives birth to a litter of between three to six young ones.

The young ones are sexually mature at 6 to 8 months, but leave their mother at 11 months.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

You can spot them in the park during nature walks in Buhoma on a lucky day.

  1. African Golden Cats (Caracal Aurata)

African Golden Cats are also known as Wild Cats. They are one of the animals of Uganda endemic to rainforests. They’re close relatives of both the Caracal and the Serval. The color of these cats ranges from golden reddish-brown, greyish brown to dark slaty.

They have spots ranging from faded tan to black though, spots are limited to the belly and inner legs.

Its undersides and areas around the eyes, cheeks, chin, and throat are lighter in color to almost white. Its tail is darker on the top and either heavily banded, lightly banded, or plain, ending in a black tip.

It is rare to spot them due to the thickness of the Impenetrable forest.

  1. African Civets (Civettictis Civetta)

African Civets are a large type of Civets native to sub-Saharan Africa.

They are listed as “Least Concern” on the red list of the International Union for Conservation of Nature red List from 2008.

They are the last surviving member of their genetic group and are regarded as the largest civet-like species in the African continent.

Despite looking like and behaving like Cats, African Civets are not felines.

However, they are interestingly more closely related to Weasels, Mongooses, and other small carnivores.

African Civets are famous for their musk that they secrete to mark their territory (called Civetone).   This musk has been used in manufacturing perfume for centuries.

  • Physical Description

African Civets have a cat-like appearance with striking black and white spots on their brownish-grey fur. They also measure about 17 to 28 inches long.

This makes it easy to identify them if you are lucky to spot them during your tour to Uganda Bwindi.

  • Social Structure And Behavior

The African Civet is a solitary mammal that is primarily nocturnal.

They are also territorial, and when threatened, they raise their dorsal crest to appear larger.

  • Feeding And Diet

African Civets are mostly omnivorous. Naturally, they prey on small vertebrates and invertebrates, eggs, carrion, and vegetable matter.

They sense their prey mainly by smell and sound and not by sight.

  • Reproduction

Females African Civets are polyestrous. And they mate for about 40 to 70 seconds, mostly in the rainy season. And then, they give birth in a nest made in a hole dug by another animal.

The female produces one to four crawling young ones with short dark furs.

Even though young ones leave the nest at 18 days, the mother still protects and gives them milk for more than two months.    Their life span is about 15 – 20 years.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

These African Civets are present in the Bwindi forest. However, they’re rarely seen since they’re nocturnal spending the day sleeping in thick vegetation.

  1. Honey Badgers (Mellivora Capensis)

Honey Badgers are one of the most fascinating Uganda animals in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.  These are also called the Ratels.  Honey Badgers are the largest terrestrial mustelid in Africa.

The Honey Badgers have a relationship with the Honeyguide, a bird that leads them to beehives for honey- their favorable diet.

Interestingly, Ratels are among the fiercest animals in Africa recorded attacking Lions and Buffaloes, especially when threatened.  If you’re lucky to spot them on your Uganda trip in Bwindi, you will absolutely love them.

They’re known to even kill Buffaloes by running underneath them and biting off their testicles.

  • Physical Description

A Honey Badger has a puppy-like head grey hair from its eyes, tail tip, and black underparts. They also have tiny ears, stout legs, and big claws they use for digging the ground and as weapons.

  • Feeding

They mostly feed on reptiles, amphibians, insects, birds, and mammals. They also eat roots, fruits, berries, and bulbs.

  • Reproduction

The Honey Badger has a gestation period of about 7 to 10 weeks in which the female produces one cub or rarely two offsprings.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Though present in the Bwindi forest, it’s hard to spot them.

  1. African Clawless Otter (Aonyx Capensis)

The African Clawless Otter also called the Cape Clawless Otter or Groot otter is an aquatic predator the second-largest freshwater otter species.

It lives in permanent water bodies in savannah and lowland forest areas throughout most of sub-Saharan Africa. This Otter is truly one of the rare Uganda animals in Bwindi Uganda.

  • Physical Description

African Clawless Otters typically weigh 10-21 kilograms, with bodies 1.2 to 1.5 meters long covered in brown-and-grey fur and capped by long, stout tails.

They sport long whiskers on their white-to-cream faces and run on short, clawless feet with no webbing.

  • Social Structure And Behaviour

African Clawless Otters are solitary animals that live in groups of 4 to 6, consisting of 2 to 3 adults with 2 to 3 young.

Particularly, they are most active at dawn and dusk (known as crepuscular). During the day they sleep in burrows or dens.

African Clawless Otters spend the majority of their time awake swimming, foraging, hunting, playing, and sunbathing.

  • Feeding And Diet

African Clawless otters eat primarily Crabs, and they also eat insects, Frogs, and various species of Fish.

Their diet in marine habitats is mainly fish, but also Crab, Abalone, and Cape rock Lobsters.

These Otters sometimes will eat Ducks, Geese, Coots, Swans, Mollusks, Dragonfly Larvae, Reptiles, Shrews, and small birds.

  • Distribution in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

On your lucky day, you can spot it along River Ivi during nature walks on your Bwindi Gorilla trekking.

D. Amphibians In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

The Amphibians are the other interesting Uganda animals in Bwindi forest that you can encounter on your Uganda safari in Bwindi. These are any members of a group of vertebrate animals with the ability to exploit both aquatic and terrestrial habitats.

The name amphibians is derived from the Greek amphibios meaning “living a double life,”

This reflects this dual life strategy because though some species are permanent land dwellers, other species have a completely aquatic mode of existence.

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park has 27 amphibian species, 11 of which are endemic to the Albertine Rift.   These include Frogs, Toads, and Salamanders.

Amphibians are typically four-legged and cold-blooded.

Below Is A List Of The Amphibians In Bwindi Forest

  • Frogs
  • Toads
  • Salamanders
  1. Frogs

Frogs are some of the beautiful Uganda animals that you can spot on your Uganda tour in Bwindi.  Frogs are any members of a diverse and largely carnivorous group of short-bodied, tailless amphibians composing the order Anura.

Bwindi has several Frog species which include the following;

  • Congo Wot-Wot (Phlyctimantis Verrucosus)

Congo Wot Wot is a species of Frog in the family Hyperoliidae. It is found in western Uganda, the central and eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, and northern Rwanda.

This Frog’s natural habitats are lowland and montane forests at elevations of 600–2,000 m above sea level.

The Congo Wot Wot is associated with secondary and edge habitats, and occurs in degraded areas, including farm bush.

  • Kivu Reed Frog (Hyperolius Kivuensis)

Kivu Reed Frog is a species of Frog in the family Arthroleptidae.

It is also called the Kisenyi Forest Tree Frog and Kivu Tree Frog. And, it lives in the highlands of Uganda, western Burundi, Rwanda, and the extreme eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

However, people confuse it with the Leptopelis Karissimbensis species.

  • White-Snouted Reed Frog (Hyperolius Frontalis)

White Snouted Reed Frog is a species of amphibians in the family of African tree frogs.

They live in Afrotropics. And, they are nocturnal and rely on saltation to move around.

  • Cinnamon-Bellied Reed Frog (Hyperolius Cinnamomeoventris)

The Cinnamon Bellied Reed Frog is a species of amphibian in the family of African Tree Frogs.

 These frogs are associated with freshwater habitats. Additionally, they are found in Afrotropics and are nocturnal.

  • Brown Reed Frog (Hyperolius castaneus)

The Brown Reed Frog is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae.

It lives in the highlands of Uganda, western Burundi, Rwanda, as well as the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Common names of this frog include Ahl’s Reed Frog, Brown Reed Frog, and Montane Reed Frog

  • Smooth Spiny Reed Frog (Afrixalus Laevis)

The Smooth Spiny Reed Frog is a species of frog in the family Hyperoliidae.

It lives in southwestern Uganda southern Cameroon, northern Gabon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

  • Christy’s Tree Frog (Leptopelis Christyi)

Also called the Christy’s Tree Frog or Christy’s Forest Tree Frog, is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae.

It lives in western Uganda, the from eastern and northeastern Democratic Republic of Congo, southern and, northwestern Tanzania

Its name honors Dr. Cuthbert Christy, a British army doctor who collected the holotype.

  • Efulen Forest Tree Frog

The Efulen Forest Tree Frog is an arboreal Frog found in lowland and montane rainforests, belonging to the family Arthroleptidae.

  • Rugegewald Screeching Frog

This is a species of frog in the family Arthroleptidae. Specifically, it lives in Uganda, the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda, and Burundi.

It has common names like Rugege Forest Squeaker, Rugegewald Squeaker, Adolf Friedrich’s Squeaker Frog, and Adolf’s squeaker.

  1. Toads

Toads are the other unique Uganda animals in Bwindi park that you can spot during African safaris in Uganda Bwindi.  Toads are certain Frogs, especially of the family Bufonidae. They are characterized by dry, leathery skin, short legs, and large bumps covering the parotoid glands.

  1. Salamanders

Salamanders are a type of amphibians with moist skin and are usually found in damp habitats near or in water.

They are closely related to Frogs despite the differences in their look.

E. Reptiles In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

Reptiles are the other important Uganda animals in Bwindi national park. This forest is home to numerous species of reptiles.  However, most of them are rarely spotted due to the thickness of the jungle.

Some of the reptiles in Bwindi include;

  1. Snakes

Bwindi is loaded with many beautiful snakes. For example the Great Lakes Bush Viper, Günther’s Green Tree Snake, Pale-Headed Forest Snake, and Radford’s House Snake.

Below are the details about these snakes;

Great Lakes Bush Viper

This species is also called Atheris nitschei. It is a venomous snake of the family Viperidae and the subfamily Viperinae.  This snake is endemic to Africa.

  • Description

Males are usually smaller than females. It is relatively large and green above. It has a black arrowhead marking on top of its head.

This snake also has a black lateral stripe from the tip of the snout through the eye. On its back are irregular black blotches which form a zig-zag pattern. Its tail tip is blackish.

Juveniles have a dull grey–green color or almost black but have no black markings and the tail tip is white.

  • Habitat And Distribution

This snake inhabits wetland or meadow areas. It is mostly found in bush valleys with higher elevations and in mountain forests.

If lucky, this snake can be spotted along the different trails in the Bwindi forest.

Pale-Headed Forest Snake

It is a venomous snake in the family Elapidae. This snake’s population status is least concern and it’s not endangered.

  • Description

It is a slender snake with a broad head distinct from the muscular body. Its back and sides are blackish to greyish dark brown, without patterns. Its head is light grey having a series of dark spots along the temporal region.  They as well border the distinctive white nape stripe at the back of the head.

The body scales of this snake are glossy and underneath the snake is creamy grey. Its eyes are brownish with an orange rim around the pupil.

  • Feeding And Distribution

They feed on frogs. They as well eat lizards and small mammals.

  • Habitat And Distribution

These Pale-Headed Forest Snakes live mostly in wet or dry forests and open woodlands.

African Tree Cobra

It is also known as the Gold’s Tree Cobra. This snake is venomous and endemic to Africa. The snake’s population status is stable as it is not endangered.    This Cobra is widely regarded as one of the most venomous snakes in Africa.

  • Description

The African Tree Cobra is a large long snake with dorsal body color. It has a glossy black color on its back and has a spiky tail. This snake has a small head with large eyes. And, it measures around 2.2-2.7 meters.

  • Behavior

This snake is agile and feels comfortable in trees, on ground, and in water. It is a secretive snake. Furthermore, this snake is so aggressive, and when threatened, it spreads a typical cobra head.   However, this snake doesn’t spit venom.

There is little information about its reproduction since it hides in the thickness of this impenetrable forest.

  • Feeding And Diet

The African Tree Cobra is a carnivore and feeds on amphibians and small mammals.  Also, it occasionally takes fish.

  • Habitat And Distribution in Bwindi

It inhabits forests and woodlands along rivers and streams. It is seldom found in open land.  And it is rarely seen in Bwindi since it hides in the thickness of this impenetrable forest.

Gunther’s Green Tree Snake

The Gunther’s Green Tree Snake is a small long snake endemic to the Western Ghats. It has mild venom and is rarely fanged. This snake is nearly threatened according to IUCN.

  • Description

This is a medium-sized elongated, and slender-bodied snake.  It has a slender tail ending with an elongated rounded scale.

The head is oval and flattened and very distinct from its narrow neck. The eyes are large in size with elliptical pupils.  And this snake is entirely green in colour.

  • Feeding And Diet

It is a carnivore snake and mostly feasts on frogs, toads, and small lizards.

  • Behavior

The snake is nocturnal as it moves in the night and rests during the day.

  • Habitat And Distribution

Gunther’s Green Tree Snake mostly inhabits the montane forests with an elevation of up to 3000 metres.

  1. Chameleons

Chameleons are the other interesting Uganda wildlife in Bwindi. These include the Kigezi Highlands Chameleon, Johnston’s Chameleon, and Montane Side-Striped Chameleon

Jackson’s Chameleon (Three-Horned Chameleon)

Jackson’s Chameleon, Jackson’s Horned Chameleon, Three-Horned Chameleon, or Kikuyu Three-Horned Chameleon (Trioceros jacksonii) is a species of chameleon that belongs to the family Chamaeleonidae. It is native to East Africa but also introduced to Hawaii, Florida, and California.

  • Description

Jackson’s Chameleons are also called Three-Horned Chameleons because males have three brown horns: one on the nose (the rostral horn) and one above each superior orbital ridge above the eyes (preocular horns), a bit reminiscent of the ceratopsid dinosaur genus Triceratops.

The female Three-Honed Chameleons generally have no horns but rather have traces of the rostral horn (in the subspecies T. j. jacksonii and T. j. merumontanus). The coloring is usually bright green, with some individual animals having traces of blue and yellow.   However, like all Chameleons, they change color quickly depending on mood, health, and temperature.

  • Reproduction

The majority of the Chameleons are oviparous, however, the Jackson’s Chameleon is viviparous. They give birth to offspring soon after they are ready to hatch from their egg sac; 8-30 live young are born after a five- to six-month gestation.

  • Feeding And Diet

These Chameleons live primarily on a diet of small insects. Also, they prey on centipedes, isopods, millipedes, spiders, lizards, small birds, and snails in their natural habitat.

  • Habitat And Distribution

The Three-honed chameleon lives in forests at altitudes between 1,000 and 2,500 m (3,300 and 8,200 ft) but also tolerates semi-urbanized environments as long as some trees and bushes remain.

In Bwindi national park, it is scattered across the forest.

Montane Side-Striped Chameleon

The Montane side-striped Chameleon (Trioceros ellioti) is a little chameleon that is found in East African countries like Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Congo, Sudan and Burundi.

It has several common names, such as Side-Striped Chameleon, Elliot’s GrooveThroated Chameleon, or Montane Side-Striped Chameleon. However, most people rarely use these common names and, when they do, they are not very consistent.

The scientific name of this Chameleon, Trioceros ellioti is one of the best known ones.

  • Physical Description

The helmet of the Montane Side-Striped Chameleon is slightly pronounced and it has evenly serrated ridges on its back, belly, and throat.

The rest of the body of this chameleon has a rather irregular scale. The females of this Chameleon species reach a total length of 22 cm. Males are still somewhat smaller, with a maximum of 17cm.

A clear differentiating feature of the sex is the thickened tail root, very pronounced in males and completely absent in females

  • Reproduction

The Montane side-striped is ovoviviparous. And, females give birth to 2 – 14 pups up to 4 times a year. This often happens in the early hours of the morning, whereby the fully grown hatchlings are simply deposited in a clear eggshell on the grass. After a little time, the hatchlings break free of this skin.

 Because of the ability to store sperm in the seminal receptacle, female Montane Side-Stripped Chameleons can produce several clutches with a single mating. Still, they are ready to mate again 14 days after birth.

  • Feeding And Diet

This side-striped Chameleon is insectivorous.

  • Habitat And Distribution

The Montane Side-Stripped Chameleon is a very adaptable species of chameleon, found at altitudes of 600-3000 m above sea level.  These chameleons prefer savannah landscapes with low bushes and tall grasses, as well as the edges of the forests and, in some cases, farmland and gardens.

In Bwindi, this chameleon is scattered across the impenetrable forest.

  1. Lizards; Such as Sparse-Scaled Forest Lizards
  2. Skinks; Such as Speckle-lipped Mabuya and African Striped Skink
  3. Geckos;  For example, the Uganda Blue-Headed Tree Agama

The Importance Of Uganda Animals In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

From the mighty Mountain Gorilla to the little Potto, the huge variety of Uganda animals in Bwindi contributes to our lives and well-being in more ways than we think.

From safeguarding us against climate shocks to the revenue from tourism, we need wildlife for our survival, well-being, and prosperity.

It is unfortunately sad that we pose the biggest threat to the survival of these Uganda animals in Bwindi!

Here Are Reasons Why They Should Be A Priority For All Of Us!

    1. Protection Against The Existential Crisis Of Climate Change

    We are all aware that forests play a vital role in tackling climate change by storing carbon that would otherwise be released into the atmosphere.

    But did you know the crucial role played by the wild animals in these forests?

    Protecting animals can substantially reduce the frequency and intensity of destructive forest wildfires.   Plant-eating wild animals reduce the amount of grass that can fuel fires through grazing.

    For example, In Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park in South Africa, one of the world’s largest grazers, the White Rhinoceros, is famous for reducing the spread and intensity of the fire.  This is especially after high rainfall when grass grows more rapidly.

    Further still, large wild grass-eaters such as Elephants produce little methane, a potent greenhouse gas.  This is because they digest grass using a large, single stomach rather than regurgitating their food.

    But that’s not all. These animals can also help forests store carbon more efficiently because of their seed dispersal role.

    1. Animals in Bwindi are the backbone of Uganda’s tourism

    Wild animals have always stood out for their aesthetic appeal.

    The human fascination with the beauty of wild animals is the engine of tourism worldwide! Consequently, African safaris in Uganda and more specifically Uganda Gorilla trekking in Bwindi are highly lucrative.

    We are willing to pay highly for a chance to catch a glimpse of Uganda animals in Bwindi.  For example, Gorilla trekking permits cost between $400-1500

    This boosts the economy and creates jobs where there otherwise may be none.

    Indeed, when managed right, tourism raises awareness and the funds necessary to conserve delicate ecosystems containing endangered animals.   It gives people an incentive to help in conservation efforts, which will undoubtedly lead to a better future for planet earth.

    1. The Ancient Bond Between Humans And Wild Animals

    Historically, some animals of Uganda and elsewhere in the world have played a key part in the day-to-day life of many cultures.

    Wild animals still play a massive role in many African countries as a part of religious ceremonies, community events, and community bonding.

    1. Uganda Animals In Bwindi Are Nature’s Medicine Cabinet

    Researchers and medical practitioners get a wealth of knowledge from these with crucial implications for medical sciences.

    For example, Amphibians are especially important for modern medicine.   Compounds from Frogs alone are used for treating depression, seizures, strokes, and memory loss.

    1. Cultural Significance

    Animals across Africa are of great social-cultural importance and, they are well-regarded in various cultures and lifestyles.

    Furthermore, some animals of Uganda provide us with important spiritual benefits the subjects of many proverbs, riddles, stories, and songs.

Top 5 Reasons Why You Should See Uganda Animals In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

    1. Bwindi Holds The Highest Population Of Africa’s Coveted Primate, The Mountain Gorilla.

    Generally, most visitors on their Uganda Gorilla safari in Bwindi are blown away by these majestic giants.

    The latest Mountain Gorilla census has it that Bwindi forest shelters at least 459 Mountain Gorillas, which is almost half of the entire Mountain Gorilla population.   And, the rest are scattered across the Virunga ranges, spanning Uganda, Rwanda, and the Democratic Republic of Congo.

    Additionally, this park has 20 habituated Gorilla families ready for incredible Bwindi Gorilla trekking.

    Be prepared to have an experience that you will never forget in the presence of these enchanting Uganda apes in Bwindi!

    1. It Is Home To 120 Mammal Species, One Of The Biggest In Uganda.

    If you undertake a Uganda tour in Bwindi, a massive mammal checklist awaits you!  It’s a top hot spot for biodiversity, the reason why it’s a UNESCO World Heritage site

    These Uganda animals in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park are categorized into, herbivores, carnivores, amphibians, and reptiles.

    Notable among these categories are the elusive Forest Elephants, Duikers, Giant Forest Hogs, Golden Cats, Frogs, and different Snakes.

    You will enjoy spotting these animals during nature walks across the forest

    1. The Impenetrable Forest Shelters 10 Primate Species, One Of The Biggest In The Country

    If you thought that tours to Uganda’s Bwindi national park are just simply about Uganda Gorillas, you thought wrong!    This iconic forest is home to a total of an impressive 10 primate species.

    These include man’s closest cousins, the Uganda Chimpanzees, the adorable Black and White Colobus monkeys, rare L’Hoest monkeys, Olive Baboon, and the Blue monkeys among others.

    If you are lucky on the day of your Uganda safari in Bwindi, you will enjoy catching a glimpse of these captivating primates.

    1. This Park Is Home To Endemic And Unique Animals Species

    The Uganda animals in Bwindi are unique. This impenetrable forest is famous for its endemic animals. For instance 11 of the 27 amphibian species, and 9 of the 14 snake species are endemic to the Albertine Rift.

    You will get to experience all this unique biodiversity unlimitedly!

    1. You Can Combine Seeing Uganda Animals In Bwindi Forest With Birding

    Bwindi is one of the best birding sites in Uganda. It is loaded with an incredible 350 bird species.  Specifically, this park has 23 of the 24 Albertine endemics.

    It is also the only park in Uganda with the gorgeous African Green Broadbill.

    Therefore, during your Uganda Gorilla trekking in Bwindi, you will not only enjoy seeing Uganda animals but also watch the beautiful birds of Uganda.

    1. Bwindi Has Scenery Unparalleled.

    Bwindi national park features miles of hiking trails perfect for strolling and taking in the scenic beauty. It is truly a photographer and outdoor enthusiast’s paradise!

    From the dramatic display of the hills and valleys to the lush forest to the stunning views of the Virunga ranges, Bwindi is a must-visitThis park brims with picturesque scenery and hours of activities, including walks along the various trails.

    With such gorgeous scenery, a Uganda trip to Bwindi is absolute value for money!

The Ultimate Expert Guide On Seeing Ugandan Animals In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

This is for you planning to go on a Uganda trip in Bwindi to appreciate the beautiful animals of Uganda as you undertake the adrenaline-rising Uganda Gorilla trekking.   We understand what it means to have a fantastic time in the jungle, and so it’s only natural that we care about you enjoying it to the fullest!  

Thanks To This Guide Below, You Can Rest Assured Of Nothing But Incredible Memories.

  • Have The Necessary Information

Just like all national parks, Bwindi has unique and specific guidelines, including minimum wildlife viewing distances and food storage requirements.

Therefore, before you head out on the trail, take a few minutes to review the park’s rules.

Besides, you can always inquire from your tour operator about anything related to your Uganda safari in Bwindi.

  • Have The Essential Items

Obviously, having the right items can greatly improve your Uganda wildlife viewing experience in Bwindi. Here’s a list of the essentials you have to consider:

  1. Appropriate Clothing
  2. Waterproof Pack/Field Bag
  3. Hiking Boots
  4. Field Guide Book
  5. A Good Camera
  6. A Pair Of Binoculars
  7. Bottled Mineral Water
  8. A Wide-Brimmed Hat
  9. Light Rain Jacket/ Poncho
  10. Flash Light
  11. Charger &Cables
  12. Toiletries
  13. Medication
  • Prepare To Encounter/See The Animals In The Morning

Most Uganda animals’ activity occurs around dawn and dusk, when animals feed.

Therefore, prepare to meet them during these parts of the day.   For instance, Gorilla trekking in Bwindi impenetrable forest starts early in the morning by 8 am.

  • Give Animals Room And Keep A Safe Distance

Stay at a reasonable distance from wildlife.  For example, the 7-meter rule when encountering Mountain Gorillas in Bwindi. In most cases, if you cause an animal to move, it indicates you are too close.

Here, Binoculars or Telephoto Lenses come in handy to stay safe and avoid disturbing them.

  • Keep Your Food And Stash Your Trash

During your Gorilla safari in Uganda Bwindi, desist from feeding animals! It can make them come looking for more.

To these animals, anything that smells like food is treated like food. Once they have learned that people are a source of food, these Uganda animals in Bwindi can become aggressive toward people.

And sadly, you run the risk of injury. And worse for the wildlife, the risk of being removed and humanely killed by wildlife managers.

You could be responsible for the death of wildlife!  Carry wildlife-resistant food storage or trash containers if you can and make sure they’re securely closed.

  • Be Vigilant And Courteous!

It is important to talk to a ranger if you come into physical contact with an animal.

Also, inform a ranger if you see wildlife that are sick, dead, or behaving strangely, including wildlife that approaches you.

And when you see people who aren’t following these guidelines, encourage them to be a smart wildlife watcher, too, and contact a ranger if necessary.

  • Take Responsibility!

Ultimately, the onus is on you to stay safe and keep in mind that wildlife is wild! As you enjoy a Uganda tour in the Bwindi jungle, please have that at the back of your mind.

Frequently Asked Questions About Uganda Animals In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park

  1. What Is The Best Season To See Uganda Animals In Bwindi?

Viewing Uganda animals in Bwindi is good year-round, but at its best in the dry season.

During this season, trails are dry, there are minimal chances of rainfall to inconvenience your activity.

Besides, June to august and December to February have the least rain while March to mid-May has the most.

Heavy rains might interfere with your Gorilla trekking in Bwindi.

  1. What Is The Best Time Of The Day To See Animals In Bwindi

The ideal time to see animals in Bwindi is in the morning. The morning session is the best because animals are getting out to feed.

In the same way, they tend to shelter in their nests in the thickness of the forests in the afternoon.

Therefore as you plan a Uganda Gorilla safari in Bwindi, please keep that in mind.

  1. What Are The Common Animals In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park?

Mountain Gorillas are the most common animals in Bwindi.  They account for 99% of the visitors to this beautiful forest.

Bwindi is home to the biggest population of these giants in the world (459) and is the perfect place to encounter the majesty of Africa’s most sought-after primate.

  1. How Many Animal Species Are In Bwindi Impenetrable National Park | What Animals Live In The Bwindi Rainforest?

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park has one of the biggest biodiversity in Uganda.

And therefore, if you are planning a Uganda tour, Bwindi should be among your top choices!

It’s home to over  120 mammal species including over 10 primate species counting over 459 Mountain Gorillas, Chimpanzees, Blue Monkeys, Red-tailed Monkeys, L’Hoest monkeys, Pottos, and Bush Babies, among others.

Other animals in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park include Forest Elephants, Giant Forest Hogs, Bush Pigs, Golden Cats, African civets, Side-Striped Jackals, Duikers, and Clawless Otters however, these are rarely spotted.

  1. Are There Elephants In Bwindi?

Yes, there are Elephants in Bwindi.  However, they are very elusive

On your lucky day, you can spot these Forest Elephants in the Mubwindi swamp area in the Ruhija sector.

  1. How Many Gorillas Are In Bwindi National Park? | How Many Gorillas Are In Bwindi?

Bwindi national park is home to over 459 Mountain Gorillas. This is almost 50% of the 1,063 Mountain Gorillas in the world.  Bwindi is therefore the best place for Uganda Gorilla trekking and quite frankly, Africa safaris.

  1. Are There Chimpanzees In Bwindi?

Yes! There are Chimpanzees in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.  The Chimpanzee population in Bwindi is estimated to be above 400.   However, Uganda Chimps in Bwindi are not habituated, and so you are not guaranteed to see them.

However, if you are lucky you can spot them in the Buhoma sector as you undertake your amazing Uganda Gorilla tour in Bwindi.

Essentially, Bwindi’s forests, hills, and other varied habitats literally crawl with life.      And honestly, very few parks offer the biological diversity range found in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park animals.

Whether you are after the thrill of encountering the endangered Mountain Gorillas or wanting to see the elusive Forest Elephant, Bwindi has you covered!

So which Uganda animals in Bwindi would you love to see?

Just Let Us Know And We Will Gladly Take You There!